About the existing courthouse
About the new courthouse
Construction and traffic impacts
Project Schedule and Public Comment
The existing central courthouse doesn’t meet current seismic codes. Its unreinforced masonry walls mean the courthouse has a safety ranking of “poor.” Limitations of space and century-old design also create regular security concerns for court personnel, crime victims, witnesses and the general public because criminal defendants can’t always be kept separate in public pathways.
What are the major functional difficulties?
The existing central courthouse lacks secured vehicle pick-up and drop-off areas for those in custody. The building also doesn’t meet other state and federal codes for modern courthouses. Courtrooms in the downtown courthouse are not adequately designed to meet current demands for efficiency and services. The required security screening equipment and inadequate lobby size regularly creates long lines that delay entry into the building. The building also doesn’t comply with current Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) standards due to a lack of entry ramps and elevators.
Why build a new courthouse?
When the existing central courthouse was built in downtown Portland between 1909 and 1914, Multnomah County had one-third its current population. This was long before modern building code standards for earthquakes were in place. A century’s worth of public use combined with increased demands from today’s much larger population of about 750,000 county residents has created major functional difficulties and serious safety problems that must be resolved.
The courthouse is an essential home for the community's daily judicial operations and must be functional even in the case of a major catastrophe like an earthquake. The courthouse is one of the few community spaces that the public is compelled to enter - for activities ranging from jury duty to fulfilling legal obligations by paying a parking ticket or serving as a trial witness. In addition, the state of Oregon requires the county to provide facilities for the courts to operate.
Why is a safe and functional courthouse important?
The courthouse is an essential home for a community’s daily judicial operations and must be functional even in the case of a major catastrophe like an earthquake. The courthouse also is one of the few community spaces that the public is compelled to enter—for everything from jury duty to fulfilling legal obligations by paying a parking ticket or serving as a trial witness. While every building should have the highest safety standards, it’s especially important when you’re talking about a structure where people are required by law to enter. In addition, the state of Oregon requires the county to provide facilities for the Court to operate.
Why not just renovate the existing courthouse?
Remodeling the current courthouse was considered in detail in 2011 and many issues were identified. The physical size of the existing courthouse will not meet future needs and the building's interior does not meet 21st century courthouse requirements. The courtrooms and waiting areas for witnesses, victims and families are inadequate. Renovating the existing structure would also take longer than building a new courthouse and the temporary relocation of courthouse operations would be too disruptive, expensive and logistically challenging.
What is planned for the existing courthouse after a new one is constructed?
No decisions have been made for the existing 100-year-old courthouse, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The building could be re-purposed by the County or sold and renovated by a new owner. The future of the existing courthouse is an important public conversation that should involve a diverse range of stakeholders. A planning process is scheduled to begin before the new courthouse opens.
How much will the courthouse project cost? How will it be funded?
On September 28, 2017, the Multnomah County Board of Commissioners approved a Guaranteed Maximum Price for construction of the new central courthouse. The total project budget -- including property acquisition, design engineering, permitting fees, insurance, bonds, contingency and construction -- is $324.5 million. The County and State are funding partners on this project. The State Legislature approved $92 million in matching capital construction funds during the 2017 session, completing the state's $125 million match.
What functions will be housed in the new courthouse?
The new courthouse will house the essential functions of the current courthouse, and many of those functions will expand in size and space. The current courthouse includes the Multnomah Circuit Court operations departments, judicial offices, and courtrooms. The courthouse also includes orientation and deliberation rooms for jurors and grand jurors; Multnomah County Probation Intake offices; offices for courthouse security facilities for the transport of in-custody defendants and the Multnomah County District Attorney’s Office.
The Multnomah Law Library; Family Court Services which provides mediation, counseling, and educational classes; CourtCare, a free, drop-in child-care service, for low-income families who have business at the courthouse; and a coffee stand run by the Commission for the Blind.
Construction began in October 2016 with the installation of construction fencing around the block and is expected to take four years to complete. Each floor of the building will take approximately 16 days to construct, and the facade will begin to be put in place once the 12th floor is built. The project is expected to be completed by 2020. View the animated construction sequence video and the project schedule.
How was the site, near the Hawthorne Bridgehead chosen?
The site for the new courthouse was selected in 2015 from a long list of alternatives. The courthouse project team performed extensive due diligence including an evaluation of environmental, geotechnical, seismic, traffic, transit and parking impacts, among other analyses. The team also considered stakeholder and public input collected from an online survey, two open houses, and interviews. The site near the Hawthorne Bridgehead was chosen for a multitude of reasons including its location on county-owned land and proximity to the justice center.
What will happen to businesses near the new courthouse?
Multnomah County worked with building owners and tenants on the courthouse block to identify their issues and concerns. After exploring a number of options, the owner of the Veritable Quandary restaurant announced plans to sell the restaurant property to the County in January 2016. The restaurant closed in September 2016 and the building was taken down in November. A number of owners of business properties in the Jefferson Station building (including Tom's First Avenue Bento) have also sold their properties to the County which plans to incorporate the building in the courthouse project.
How do we know the new courthouse will fit the site and is appropriately sized?
Multnomah County hired the National Center for State Courts (NCSC) to determine current and future needs for the courthouse. The NCSC group used population, caseloads and other documentation to determine the space requirements for a 2050 courthouse. DAY CPM Services/HDR Inc, the Owner’s Representative, prepared blocking and stacking diagrams to determine how the required program would fit on the selected site. The team worked within these parameters to determine size and budget for a new central courthouse that would serve the County for years to come. A major factor in space planning is to create a sallyport for inmate transportation and secure pathways for movement of the various courthouse users.
How will the Central City 2035 Plan for downtown affect the site?
Portland’s 2035 Plan will make areas adjacent to bridgeheads have higher height limits. Land near the Hawthorne Bridge will be zoned for buildings up to 325’ tall. Prominent buildings are a guiding factor for the city planning guide. City Council adopted the West Quadrant Plan in 2015 and approved a request to design the new courthouse for the new height limit in early June 2016.
What will happen to the Jefferson Station building on the courthouse block?
Will there be an underground tunnel connecting the Justice Center to the new courthouse?
No, a tunnel will not be constructed. Only a small percentage of in-custody defendants are held in the Justice Center. More than 95 percent of defendants transported to the courthouse come from the Inverness Jail. The project team studied a tunnel and recommended against it because costs and risks outweighed benefits. The Board of County Commissioners approved the recommendation in December 2015.
What kind of access will be provided for people with disabilities?
The courthouse will be fully accessible to people with disabilities and compliant with Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) standards. This includes the provision of a hearing assisted system in courtrooms, on ramps and in elevators. It also includes adequate floor and turning space for wheelchairs in courtrooms and other spaces. Adjustable height tables will be available in courtrooms.
What artwork will be featured in the new courthouse?
The County is working with the Regional Arts and Culture Council to identify artists who will create artwork for the courthouse, using 2 percent of funds from the project.
How will construction impact traffic and pedestrian access?
Traffic planners and the contractor will establish safe travel routes during and after construction. Covered walk and bicycle pathways will be placed adjacent to the work zone, during the heavy construction phase. Construction sequencing will be scheduled to help reduce traffic congestion. Roads will remain open during construction, with periodic restrictions to traffic lanes and sidewalks. Occasional temporary street re-routes may be required. The public will have continuous access to the SmartPark entry on SW Jefferson St. as well as the Hawthorne Bridge.
Some night and weekend work will be needed during construction of the new courthouse. We will take a number of steps to be respectful of our neighbors:
- Construction crews will use noise mitigation techniques, air quality monitoring, truck wheel washes, and other strategies to minimize impacts.
- Typical construction hours will be 7 am to 6 pm Monday through Friday with occasional work activities starting at 5 am. Work may be performed on Saturdays as needed.
- All equipment will comply with US Environmental Protection Agency noise standards.
- The project will work to reduce truck movements at night.
- Contractors will use portable noise meters onsite to measure noise levels.
- Maintain a 24-hour telephone response line (503-988-8888) for noise complaints.
- Address complaints within 24 hours or before the next scheduled night work.
Will the project apply for a noise variance to work some nights and weekends?
Which firms are designing and constructing the new courthouse?
What kind of sustainable materials/features will be used in the new courthouse?
The courthouse project will include many sustainable features including: solar panels on the tower roof and green roofs on Jefferson Station and the lower section of the courthouse. The project team is researching passive energy strategies and stormwater harvesting methods for potential use on the project. Passive energy strategies involve maximizing the use of natural resources like solar radiation and cool night air to heat and cool the internal environment. Stormwater harvesting involves the collection of stormwater run-off from urban areas like drains or creeks, then treating and storing it for reuse.
Will the new courthouse be LEED certified?
LEED stands for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design. LEED-certified buildings are resource efficient. They use less water and energy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. As an added bonus, they save money. The County is aspiring for LEED Gold certification.
Is the new courthouse in a floodplain and will it be able to withstand the impacts of a flood event?
As part of due diligence, the central courthouse team researched 100-year flood data and the impacts of 1996 flood. The site elevation at 44 feet is above the Willamette River crest level (28.6 feet) and the groundwater level at (12.75 feet). The new central courthouse is not in a floodplain.
What is the project schedule?
The County broke ground at the new courthouse site in October 2016. The design phase concluded in early 2017, and contractors began laying the foundations for the courthouse in February 2017. The new courthouse is expected to open by 2020.
September 2013: County hires project manager
- July 2013: Legislature makes bipartisan commitment of $15 million in the 2013 - 2015 biennium to support the new central courthouse.
- December 2013: DAY CPM selected as the County’s “owner’s representative” to oversee contracts on this high-priority project, and to add expertise to help plan the courthouse layout, footprint, size and functional configuration.
- July 2014: National Center for State Courts publishes analysis identifying current functions that are essential for a new courthouse.
- July 2014: County begins Courthouse site solicitation process.
- November 2014: County completes reference design for the project, which is an architectural layout that studies what building functions should be next to each other for heightened security and the highest possible operational efficiency.
- December 2014: The courthouse executive team recommends the Hawthorne Bridgehead south block as a preferred site and nearby block 128 (currently a surface parking between the KOIN Tower and the Marriot Hotel) as an alternate site to be further studied.
- December 2014: Multnomah County Board of Commissioners approves preliminary plans and site selection recommendations for the central courthouse project.
- January - February 2015: Project team conducts due diligence on two sites and hosts two open houses to share information and solicit public input for the courthouse site selection.
- February 2015: Multnomah County launches online public survey to solicit input for the courthouse site selection.
- February 2015: Multnomah County Board of Commissioners selects Construction Manager/General Contractor project delivery method for construction of central courthouse.
- April 2015: Multnomah County Board of Commissioners briefed on due diligence studies conducted on preferred and alternate site.
- April 2015: Multnomah County Board of Commissioners unanimously vote to approve county-owned Hawthorne Bridgehead site as future site for central courthouse.
- July 2015: State lawmakers allocate $17.4 million in funding for the new Multnomah County Central Courthouse.
- July 2015: County selects contractor teams for downtown courthouse including SRG Partnership/ RicciGreene Associates for design and engineering services, and Hoffman Construction as Construction Manager/General Contractor.
- August 2015: Central Courthouse Projects hosts first design open house with courthouse design team and interested Minority, Women and Emerging Small Business (MWESB) firms.
- December 2015: Board approves the FAC-1 Project Plan that adds the District Attorney’s Office, and four high volume courts to the project with a budget increase to $300 million.
- February 2016: Board briefed on architectural design concepts.
- March 2016: Central Courthouse Project hosts open house with courthouse construction management team and MWESB firms.
- April 2016: Central Courthouse Project hosts Public Open House on courthouse design. .
- September 2017: Multnomah County Board of Commissioners approves Guaranteed Maximum Price of $324.5 million for the project.
- February 2017: Central Courthouse Project hosts pre-construction public open house
- October 2016: County holds groundbreaking ceremony at courthouse site.
What opportunities exist for public input on the project?
County Commissioners want to make sure the public's views are considered so that this essential project reflects community needs and values. Public input informed decisions on siting of the courthouse and design features. Members of the public can always weigh in on decisions made about the courthouse during public comment periods at regularly scheduled Board of County Commissioners meetings. The public can email the courthouse team at email@example.com at any time.