Hot weather can strain the heart, worsen asthma, emphysema and other conditions and make diabetes and hypertension harder to manage.

If you believe someone has heat exhaustion or heat stroke, get them water and into a cool place immediately. If symptoms persist, or they lose  consciousness, or have trouble breathing, call 911.

Heat Stroke

A condition that occurs when the body becomes unable to control its temperature, and can cause death or permanent disability. Symptoms include:

  • High body temperature
  • Confusion
  • Loss of coordination
  • Hot, dry skin or profuse sweating
  • Throbbing headache
  • Seizures, coma

First Aid

  • Request immediate medical assistance.
  • Move the worker to a cool, shaded area.
  • Remove excess clothing and apply cool water to their body
  • Rest in a cool area.
  • Drink plenty of water or other cool beverages.
  • Take a cool shower, bath, or sponge bath.

Heat Exhaustion

The body’s response to an excessive loss of water and salt, usually through sweating. Symptoms include:

  • Rapid heart beat
  • Heavy sweating
  • Extreme weakness or fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Irritability
  • Fast, shallow breathing
  • Slightly elevated body temperature

For more information about heat stress visit http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/heatstress